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Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Children: Hospital Review in Selected Hospitals of Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Lekei, Elikana
dc.contributor.author Ngowi, Aiwerasia V.
dc.contributor.author London, Leslie
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-24T10:35:11Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-24T10:35:11Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12-26
dc.identifier.citation Lekei, E., Ngowi, A.V. and London, L., 2017. Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Children: Hospital Review in Selected Hospitals of Tanzania. Journal of Toxicology, 2017. en_US
dc.identifier.uri doi.org/10.1155/2017/4208405
dc.identifier.uri http://dpsvr.muhas.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2141
dc.description.abstract Background. Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is a serious problem worldwide. Because the burden of childhood APP is unknown in Tanzania, this study describes the distribution, circumstances, and patterns of APP involving children under 18 years in Tanzania. Methodology. A 12-month prospective study was conducted in 10 Tanzanian healthcare facilities in 2006 using a data collection tool for surveillance. Results. Of 53 childhood poisoning cases identified, 56.6% were female. The most common poisoning circumstances were accidents (49.1%) and suicide (30.2%).The most vulnerable children were 16-17 years old (30.2%). Suicide was significantly more common in females (PRR females/males = 1.66; 95% CI = 1.03–2.68) and accidental cases were more common in children aged 10 years or younger. Suicide was concentrated in children over 10 years, comprising 53% of cases in this age group. Organ ophosphates (OPs), zinc phosphide, and endosulfan were common amongst reported poisoning agents. The annual APP incidence rate was 1.61/100,000. Conclusion. APP is common among children in this region of Tanzania. Prevention of suicide in older children should address mental health issues and control access to toxic pesticides. Prevention of accidents in younger children requires safer storage and hygiene measures. Diverse interventions are needed to reduce pesticide poisoning among children in Tanzania. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Hindawi en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;Article ID 4208405
dc.subject Acute Pesticide Poisoning en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Children: Hospital Review in Selected Hospitals of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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