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Estimating the capacity for ART provision in Tanzania with the use of data on staff productivity and patient losses

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dc.contributor.author Hanson, S.
dc.contributor.author Thorson, A.
dc.contributor.author Rosling, H.
dc.contributor.author O¨ rtendahl, C.
dc.contributor.author Hanson, C.
dc.contributor.author Killewo, J.
dc.contributor.author Ekstro¨m, A.M
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-12T13:46:01Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-12T13:46:01Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Hanson, S., Thorson, A., Rosling, H., Örtendahl, C., Hanson, C., Killewo, J., & Ekström, A. M. (2009). Estimating the capacity for ART provision in Tanzania with the use of data on staff productivity and patient losses. PloS one, 4(4), e5294.
dc.identifier.issn journal.pone.0005294
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/364
dc.description.abstract Background: International targets for access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) have over-estimated the capacity of health systems in low-income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The WHO target for number on treatment by end 2005 for Tanzania was 10 times higher than actually achieved. The target of the national Care and Treatment Plan (CTP) was also not reached. We aimed at estimating the capacity for ART provision and created five scenarios for ART production given existing resource limitations. Methods: A situation analysis including scrutiny of staff factors, such as available data on staff and patient factors including access to ART and patient losses, made us conclude that the lack of clinical staff is the main limiting factor for ART scale-up, assuming that sufficient drugs and supplies are provided by donors. We created a simple formula to estimate the number of patients on ART based on availability and productivity of clinical staff, time needed to initiate vs maintain a patient on ART and patient losses using five different scenarios with varying levels of these parameters. Findings: Our scenario assuming medium productivity (40% higher than that observed in 2002) and medium loss of patients (20% in addition to 15% first-year mortality) coincides with the actual reported number of patients initiated on ART up to 2008, but is considerably below the national CTP target of 90% coverage for 2009, corresponding to 420,000 on ART and 710,000 life-years saved (LY’s). Our analysis suggests that a coverage of 40% or 175,000 on treatment and 350,000 LY’s saved is more achievable. Conclusion: A comparison of our scenario estimations and actual output 2006–2008 indicates that a simple user-friendly dynamic model can estimate the capacity for ART scale-up in resource-poor settings based on identification of a limiting staff factor and information on availability of this staff and patient losses. Thus, it is possible to set more achievable targets. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher PLoS ONE en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries PLoS ONE;4(4): e5294.
dc.subject ART en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.subject Staff productivity
dc.title Estimating the capacity for ART provision in Tanzania with the use of data on staff productivity and patient losses en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB


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