Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
Institutional Repository

Human bite injuries in the oro-facial region at the Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Shubi, F.M
dc.contributor.author Hamza, O.J.M
dc.contributor.author Kalyanyama, B.M
dc.contributor.author Simon, E.N.M
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-13T11:02:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-13T11:02:10Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 1472-6831-8-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/404
dc.description.abstract Background: Human bites in the maxillofacial region compromise function and aesthetics, resulting in social and psychological effects. There is paucity of information regarding human bite injuries in Tanzania. The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence, treatment modalities and prognosis of human bite injuries in the oro-facial region at the Muhimbili National Hospital Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: In a prospective study the details of patients with human bite injuries in the oro-facial region who attended at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Muhimbili National Hospital between January 2001 and December 2005 were recorded. Data included information on age, sex, site, duration of the injury at the time of reporting to hospital, reasons, details of treatment offered and outcome after treatment. Results: A total of 33 patients, 13 males and 20 females aged between 12 and 49 years with human bite injuries in the oro-facial region were treated. Thirty patients presented with clean uninfected wounds while 3 had infected wounds. The most (45.5%) frequently affected site was the lower lip. Treatment offered included thorough surgical cleansing with adequate surgical debridement and primary suturing. Tetanus prophylaxis and a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics were given to all the patients. In 90% of the 30 patients who were treated by suturing, the healing was uneventful with only 10% experiencing wound infection or necrosis. Three patients who presented with wounds that had signs of infection were treated by surgical cleansing with debridement, antibiotics and daily dressing followed by delayed primary suturing. Conclusion: Most of the human bite injuries in the oro-facial region were due to social conflicts. Although generally considered to be dirty or contaminated they could be successfully treated by surgical cleansing and primary suture with a favourable outcome. Management of such injuries often need multidisciplinary approach. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries BMC Oral Health;doi:10.1186/1472-6831-8-12
dc.subject Human bite injuries en_GB
dc.subject oro-facial region en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.title Human bite injuries in the oro-facial region at the Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search MUHAS Repository


Advanced Search MUHAS Repository

Browse

My Account