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Social, cultural and sexual behavioral determinants of observed decline in HIV infection trends: Lessons from the Kagera Region, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Lugalla, J.
dc.contributor.author Emmelin, M.
dc.contributor.author Mutembei, A.
dc.contributor.author Sima, M.
dc.contributor.author Kwesigabo, G.
dc.contributor.author Killewo, J.
dc.contributor.author Dahlgren, L.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-15T11:16:27Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-15T11:16:27Z
dc.date.issued 2003
dc.identifier.citation Lugalla, J., Emmelin, M., Mutembei, A., Sima, M., Kwesigabo, G., Killewo, J., & Dahlgren, L. (2004). Social, cultural and sexual behavioral determinants of observed decline in HIV infection trends: lessons from the Kagera Region, Tanzania. Social Science & Medicine, 59(1), 185-198.
dc.identifier.issn j.socscimed.2003.10.033
dc.identifier.other doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2003.10.033
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/490
dc.description.abstract This paper is a follow-up of earlier findings by the Kagera AIDS Research Project (KARP), which documented declining trends in the prevalence and incidence ofHIV infection in the Kagera region of Tanzania. The paper examines socio-cultural and sexual behavioral changes as possible determinants ofthe observed declining trends in Bukoba, the largest urban area ofthe region. The study used in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, field observations and ethnographic assessments to collect the required data. The findings suggest that since the initial years ofthe epidemic there have been significant changes in sexual behaviors, norms, values, and customs that are considered high-risk for HIV transmission. The findings show an increase in condom use, abstinence, zero grazing (sticking to one sexual partner) and uptake ofvoluntary HIV testing while traditional practices such as polygamy, widow inheritance, excessive alcohol consumption, and sexual networking are declining. We suggest that these changes are partly a result of the severity ofthe epidemic itself in the study area, and interventions that have been carried out in this area since 1987. The major interventions have included health education, the distribution ofcondoms, AIDS education in schools, voluntary HIV counseling and testing. These are encouraging findings that give hope and we believe that other places within Tanzania and other countries experiencing a severe AIDS crisis have much to learn from this experience. However, changes in norms and behavior are vulnerable; people in Kagera are still at risk and there is a need for continued intervention together with monitoring ofthe direction ofthe epidemic. en_GB
dc.language.iso en en_GB
dc.publisher Elsevier en_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseries Social Science and Medicine;2004
dc.subject AIDS intervention en_GB
dc.subject HIV infection trends en_GB
dc.subject Tanzania en_GB
dc.subject Socio-cultural changes
dc.subject Health and AIDS education
dc.subject Condom use
dc.subject Behavioral change
dc.title Social, cultural and sexual behavioral determinants of observed decline in HIV infection trends: Lessons from the Kagera Region, Tanzania en_GB
dc.type Article en_GB


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